Nord-Aviation (Northern Aviation) was a state-owned French aircraft manufacturer. It was created on October 1 1954 upon the acquisition of SFECMAS (Société Française d'Étude et de Construction de Matériels Aéronautiques Spéciaux) by SNCAN (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Nord). The name Nord is also used as a generic name to refer to the Pingouin light aircraft. The company was based in the centre of France on the site of Bourges airport in the département of Cher.